MILOON ACNE GUIDE: Part 2.

 

miloon guida acne 2 blog

 

Last week we introduced a new chapter of million’s guides  dedicated to acne where we introduced this nasty and annoying skin problem. In can you missed that you can find it here. 

Now let’s dive deep in the different types of acne.

TYPES OF ACNE.

Generally speaking, there are three groups of acne. Acne Vulgaris, Acne Fulminans and Acne Mechanica.

Acne Vulgaris is by all means the most diffused. It gathers different types of acne lesions: blackheads, whiteheads, papules, pustules, nodules, and cysts:

• Blackheads: uninfected, clogged follicles looking like dark bump on the skin.

• Whiteheads: clogged follicles covered by a thin layer of skin looking like a white bumps or a white spots.

• Papules: inflamed lesions that may appear red that can be painful.

• Pustules: inflamed lesions that get filled-up with pus. They can be white or yellow. If popped up they can lead to acne scarring.

• Nodules: a severe under-skin form of acne lesion that, despite not containing pus but can be hard to the touch.

• Cysts: a very severe form of acne lesion that can get inflamed and filled with pus. Generally painful, they require professional medical care. 

 Acne Fulminans: is a very severe form of acne characterized by inflammatory nodular acne on both the chest and back. It can arise abruptly and hits young males. Among the many issues, it can result in severe scarring and painful joints.

Acne Mechanica: excess pressure, heat, and friction can have a deep impact on the skin and cause this very aggressive form of acne.  Acne mechanic often afflicts athletes and all those with a tendency to develop  acne breakouts. Its signature signs are tiny bumps that can escalate to inflamed lesions.

SEVERITY GRADES.

Acne Vulgaris can be displayed on a severity scale according 4 different grades of severity. 

Grade I: mild condition.
Grade I acne skin may have whiteheads, blackheads, and small pimples with no forms of inflammation connected. It’s often self-diagnosed and appears in the adolescence. Grade 1 acne  of breakout hits the nose and forehead area and most often appears in adolescence. Adults may also experience this type of acne, usually with blackheads on the nose or forehead.

Grade II: Moderate condition.
Grade II display a massive amount of comedones on the skin: breakout is more frequent, as well as sensitive-to-the-touch pustules and papules. 

Grade III: Severe Inflammations.
Grade III inflammations’ appear in the form of papules and pustules, as well as some nodules present.

Grade IV: Maximum Severity.
This highly aggressive form of acne features nodules, cysts, pustules, and papules that often afflict other areas other than the face that cal lead to scars and disfigurations if not treated. Beware! Medical studies says that oral isotretinoin is the only medication approved to treat severe cystic acne. In case of severe acne forms, it is necessary to see a dermatologist to avoid permanent skin damages. Remember that like in many heath-related topics prevention is always a green light. 

HOW TO PREVENT ACNE.

The problem with acne is does not just affect our skin, but our whole body image and self confidence. Fighting acne can always be a painful, long and expensive process. Your lifestyle is, once again, the key to live an acne-free existence.

We propose you 10 simple rules. Make sure to follow’e everyday.

1. Cleanse everyday. Even if you haven’t acne remember to keep your face deeply clean from impurities, dead skin cells, and extra oil from your skin’s surface. Do it at least twice a day. If you follow K-Words, you should know that we suggest double cleansing as a general golden rule for purity. Follow this link to know more about double cleansing. When scrubbing your skin, do it softly and use a soft cloth or your hands. Rinse well using a clean towel to avid germs contact. Remember: use the washcloth only once.

2.Moisturize. Moisturizer minimizes dryness and skin peeling from anti-acne products. Read labels in search  “noncomedogenic” that means it does not cause acne. As you know there’s a massive amount of moisturizer you can choose according to your skin type.

3. Try a prescription-free acne product. Ingredients such as benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, glycolic acid, or lactic acid curb bacteria and dry your skin. It’s important you dose them very wisely as they might cause drying or peeling, and subsequently, increase if necessary. OTC topical retinoid gel is another wonderful option in acne prevention. Use extra caution if you have sensitive skin.

4. Avoid over-using makeup. Avoid wearing foundation, powder, or blush during a breakout. Once again it’s important to was at the end of the day, with oil free chemical free cosmetics. Read the label and look for the word “noncomedogenic” that means this not should cause acne.

5. Be careful with you hairs. Yes, hairs. If you use greasy or oily nourishing products during a breakout, they can block your skin’s pores and irritate your skin once they ends up on your face. Use a delicate and non aggressive shampoo and conditioner. Same as for oily hair. Avoid contact with your face.

6. Keep your hands off your face. Hands are Avoid touching your face or propping your cheek or chin on your hands. Not only can you spread bacteria, you can also irritate the already inflamed facial skin. Never pick or pop pimples with your fingers, as it can lead to infection and scarring.

7. Avoid the sun. Inflammation and redness are something no-one wold ever desire for the health of his own skin. If you red our Sunscreen Guide you’ll be aware that post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (dark discoloration) is a thing you really want to avoid. That’s not all. Did you know that some ingredients contained by acne medications make your skin more sensitive to sunlight? Try to avoid your sun exposition when sun rays are more evil, namely between the hours of 10 a.m. and 2 p.m.. Remember to always wear protective clothing, such as a long-sleeved shirt, pants, and a broad-brimmed hating to apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher about 20 minutes before exposing yourself to the sun. As Said before, look for “noncomedogenic” on the sunscreen label to make new pimples less likely.

8. Feed your skin. Say no to junk food and follow an healthy diet. Fresh fruit, vegetables and whole grains are always a go, because they don’t cause pimples. Keep away from dairy products and sugar as they are number one cause of acne.

9. Be active. Motion and physical exercise – especially  regular one –  is always a very good option. Remember to wear the adequate equipment and avoid frictions and rubbing to prevent breakouts. Shower or bath immediately after exercising.

10. Organize and Relax! Stress is a very frequent cause when it comes to acne. Stay on top of your game by reading our Sunday Instagram entry “Relaxing Sunday” to learn how to treat and relax your skin . Also, choosing according to priorities is another thing to remember to avoid stress.  Learn to plan and just  focus on important things. Avoid what is not necessary.