MILOON ANTI-AGING GUIDE: Part 3.

 

 

Welcome to the new episode of Miloon’s K-Beauty guides dedicated to world of anti age. In this chapter we will talk about what makes an anti-aging cream so special. Moreover, we will deepen our anti-age knowledge to find out which principle works better to fight the signs of time. Stick around !

CREAMS TO FIGHT AGING: WHAT IS INSIDE.

After introducing the causes of aging, and how aging affects skin during the years, and dos and donts of aging, it’s now time to deep dive in finding the best products to contrast the signs of time.

Over the years, facial skin loses elasticity and begins to show the first signs of aging.

It is important to take care of it and in the right way, starting from a healthy lifestyle and a balanced diet rich in natural antioxidants. But to integrate all this we can resort to the effects of anti-aging cream. It is a type of face cream specific for mature skin, from nourishing and moisturizing agents to intense action aimed at reducing wrinkles on the skin of the face. It is an anti-aging cream is important is a quality product, based on our age and the specific needs of our skin, as anticipated in the first part of the guide.

Each anti-age cream is formulated by combining the different types of the ingredients listed above so to achieve a specific effect: for example, to counteract or prevent the formation of the first wrinkles, to act on the wrinkles already formed and / or other skin imperfections may appear on our face as time goes on.

 

 

In general, an anti-wrinkle cream should contain these ingredients:
Vitamin A, also seems to be retinol, is widely used in anti-aging cosmetic products; its function is to regenerate cells and stimulate the production of collagen in the skin. It is a retinoic acid, which is used only in pharmacological creams to treat serious imperfections such as acne. Vitamin is generally retinoid products, in rare cases there are irritating and photosensitizing effects.

Used together with vitamin A, Vitamin E counteracts its sensitizing effect. Vitamin is a powerful fat-soluble antioxidant found naturally in many plants and fruit.

Hyaluronic acid is a molecule found in human skin that retains water. For this reason it is considered a lubricant of the day, and has also been in cosmetic surgery as a filler, like for example in filler to be injected under the skin to fill the voids created by wrinkles. It is very present and advertised in anti-age creams, however it simply has a moisturizing effect.

ANTI-AGE INGREDIENTS.

However, regardless of anti-aging creams, a combination of different ingredients can have anti-aging properties.

 

 

The main substances that can be are:
– Moisturizing substances; These include the occlusive substances (such as, for example, liquid paraffin, a substance that we find in the ingredients of the creams under the name “paraffinum liquidum”); substances capable of supplementing the hydro-lipid film, including vegetable oils, butters and fats (such as argan oil, olive oil and shea butter), or substances such as honey, glycerin, vitamin C, panthenol, hyaluronic acid, aloe gel or proteins such as collagen or elastin; substances that chemically modify the water content in the epidermis (alpha-hydroxy acids).

– Redensifying substances; The redensifying substances act at the level of the dermis, more precisely at the level of fibroblasts, the main cells that make it, responsible for the synthesis of collagen, elastic fibers and glycosaminoglycans.
In the class of redensifying substances we find substances that prevent the degradation of the elements produced by them, and therefore of collagen, elastic fibers and glycosaminoglycans such as hyaluronic acid.
Among the main substances with a redensifying action, we recall: vitamin C, some vegetable oils and fats (shea butter, olive oil, etc.) and some particular types of substances known as “biomimetic peptides”-

– Antioxidant substances; The antioxidant substances have the task of counteracting the oxidative stress of free radicals involved in the formation of these annoying skin blemishes. Among these we find vitamins A, C and E, polyphenols and plant antioxidants (such as resveratrol, caffeic acid, etc.), enzymes with antioxidant action.

REJUVENATING CREAM.

– Nutrient substances: Like the different types of amino acids, zinc, copper, magnesium and manganese, they stimulate the metabolism favoring, therefore, the renewal of the cells that compose it.

– Antioxidant substances; The antioxidant substances have the task of counteracting the oxidative stress of free radicals, involved in the formation of these annoying skin blemishes. Among these we find vitamins A, C and E, polyphenols and plant antioxidants (such as resveratrol, caffeic acid, etc.), enzymes with antioxidant action.

– Nutrient substances: Like the different types of amino acids, zinc, copper, magnesium and manganese, they stimulate the metabolism favoring, therefore, the renewal of the cells that compose it.

– The substances that stimulate the microcirculation: improve the microcirculation of the skin, promoting the exchange of nutrients for a healthy skin such as vitamin C, escin and anthocyanins (of which the blueberry is particularly rich).

– Exfoliating substances: facilitating the replacement of the most superficial part of the epidermis thus stimulating cell renewal. To learn more we suggest you read our Miloon Guide to exfoliants.

– The substances that tonify the muscles mimic: it is the muscles that we use daily to express emotions and moods (both voluntarily and involuntarily) is, in fact, responsible for the onset of what are called “wrinkles of expression “who, as they age, tend to become permanent and increasingly visible.
But there is no need to resort to botox: among the various substances able to perform this particular type of action we remember gamma-aminobutyric acid (or GABA) and hexapeptides (molecules formed by six amino acids, the fundamental units that they are all proteins).

– Lightening substances. Last but not least, also the lighteners can have anti-aging functions, even if their main function is to lighten the skin, combating senile skin spots and sun spots. We talked about it in our Milan Guide to sunscreen. Also in this case vitamin C, as well as azelaic acid and some types of plant extracts (among which certainly the liquorice extract stands out) can.